Airport 2050 - Part 5: Land Grants & IT4
Dinner at Nitty Gritty (223N Francis) at 6:30p, March 7th
There will be no Faster Badger Next Week (3/14) due to Spring Break
Recap of Blue Skies Submission
Plan for Engineering Expo
Central Japan Railways Internship:
Will be virtual this summer, with plans to be in person in 2023.
Last year the internship was just with UW-Madison students but was so successful that this years internship will include interns from Texas A&M, and University of Maryland.
To find out more:
JR Central Internship Program | Study Abroad - International Academic Programs - UW - Madison (wisc.edu)
Wheels on Steel:
$19 billion: Cost of high speed rail’s Bay Area link surges in latest report, without funding
The Mercury News
Part 5 of 5: Congressman Attacks Texas Central on a Second Front
After 57 deaths, Brightline in Florida pleads with people to stop dangerous crossings
Tampa Bay Times
Future of Pittsburgh hyperloop gets murky with company layoffs
The failed logistics of Russia's invasion of Ukraine
In the Tube:
The Hyperloop Was Always Going to Go This Way
Up in the Air:
Sustainability In Civil Aviation: Large Steps Forward, But A Long Road Ahead
The Integrated Terminal 4 at O'Hare
For the NASA Blue Skies Competition the team put together a concept design for a terminal that seamlessly connects air and rail. The important difference from today's terminals is the train is past security rather than on the landside (how that security would work is a different story. This is done through having a completely separate rail infrastructure that allows clearing of security while enroute on the train.
Building a Railroad or a University
How to build a University….or a Railroad
Its called Land Grants.
In the 19th Century, as America expanded westward Congress faced the question of how to both build cities and the transportation infrastructure to support the development.
With the railroads, it was realized that once transportation infrastructure was built the value of the land would go up. While the US government and private industry did not have money, what they did have was real estate. So the US government would divide the land next to a proposed rail line into squares out from the proposed rail line. The railroads would be given a deed to half of those squares while the federal government retained ownership of the other pieces. This allowed the railroads to issue bonds to pay for building the railroad, and for the railroads to sell the land once it appreciated. The federal government would then give the land to other institutions or sell the land as well.
Of course, this formula didn’t just stop at railroads, but was extended to universities and other institutions. After all it was believed that a university would be the core of economic development in a new city. So East Lansing (UM), College Station (Texas A&M), or Columbus (Ohio State) and many other cities across the US started land grant universities. So the while the federal government was issuing land grants for the transcontinental railroad, the federal government also provided the law for states to create nearly all of today's major universities; including the University of Wisconsin- Madison. Then just like the railroads the university was able to grow by issuing bonds backed by the land issued to them or just sell the land.
What an irony considering today’s environment where State governments actively work against acquiring land to build high speed infrastructure, as is currently happening with Texas Central Railways and the Texas Supreme Court. The Texas State Attorney General is making the case that TCRR is not a railroad because it does not operate trains, and therefore does not have eminent domain rights. Imagine if that was the case in the 19th Century America. Not only would we not have the transcontinental railroad, but Saturday would be very boring without any College football from all those Land Grant Universities.
(Maps is via Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the BPL, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)